Uso da Cannabis medicinal e autismo

Autores

  • Maria Clea Marinho Lima
  • Marcelo Moraes Valença
  • Carlos Eduardo Machado
  • Maria Edvany de Melo Pereira
  • Pedro Kempter Brant

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37085/jmmv2.n1.2020.pp.5-14

Palavras-chave:

Transtorno do Espectro Autista, CBD, Revisão

Resumo

O Transtorno do Espectro Autista (TEA) é caracterizado por déficits persistentes na comunicação social, padrões restritos e repetitivos de comportamento, interesses ou atividades e, muitas vezes, deficiências intelectuais. O TEA possui várias comorbidades prevalentes, como distúrbios do sono, distúrbio do déficit de atenção/hiperatividade e epilepsia. Existe um interesse crescente em canabinóides, especialmente canabidiol (CBD), como monoterapia ou tratamento complementar para os principais sintomas e comorbidades do TEA. No entanto, a ação neural do CBD, sua relevância e eficácia para o TEA, ainda permanece em discussão. O objetivo deste trabalho foi empreender uma revisão de literatura sobre estudos que tratem dos efeitos do uso de Cannabis sativa (cannabis). no indivíduo com TEA. Foram encontrados 45 estudos nas bases de dados PubMed, MEDLINE e LILACS , dos quais, apenas 5 conformaram-se com os critérios de aceitação, com os descritores: Cannabis AND Autism Spectrum Disorder. Observamos que são necessários estudos adicionais para examinar os prós e contras do CBD e outros canabinóides no TEA, antes que eles sejam estabelecidos como tratamento para sintomas e comorbidades do TEA. Nenhum dos trabalhos apresentam dados clínicos ou pré-clínicos convincentes que demonstrem a eficácia e segurança da cannabis medicinal, incluindo o CBD.

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Biografia do Autor

Maria Clea Marinho Lima

Especialista em Neurociências pela Universidade Federal de Pernambuco.

Marcelo Moraes Valença

Professor Titular de Neurocirurgia e Coordenador do Memorial da Medicina de Pernambuco, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco

Carlos Eduardo Machado

Professor Doutor em Nefrologia pela Universidade Federal de São Paulo.

Maria Edvany de Melo Pereira

Mestre em Educação pela Faculdade Pernambucana de Saúde.

Pedro Kempter Brant

Discente de Engenharia da computação pela Universidade Federal de Pernambuco.

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Publicado

2020-12-21

Como Citar

Clea Marinho Lima, M. ., Moraes Valença, M. ., Eduardo Machado, C. ., Edvany de Melo Pereira, M. ., & Kempter Brant, P. . (2020). Uso da Cannabis medicinal e autismo. Jornal Memorial Da Medicina, 2(1), 5–14. https://doi.org/10.37085/jmmv2.n1.2020.pp.5-14

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